Koilonychia – Explained by Neck Lift Surgery in Atlanta

Koilonychia is a dystrophy of the fingernails in which they are flattened and have concavities with raised edges also called spoon nails. Koilonychia means literally “spoon nails.” It refers to nails (usually of the hand) which have lost their convexity, becoming flat or even concave in shape. If you are looking forward to Neck Lift Surgery in Atlanta
The nail is usually thin and often brittle. Koilonychia is mostly happens as an outcome of softening and thinning of the nail plate. Other common causes of Koilonychia include pica, illness, cheilosis, glossitis, chemotherapy, malnutrition, iron deficiency or any major metabolic condition or damaging event. Koilonychia may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait or it may be associated with other syndromes.
Acquired koilonychia may be associated with iron deficiency anaemia. Koilonychia also may result from trauma, constant occupational exposure of the hands to petroleum-based solvents, or nail-patella syndrome. Koilonychia may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait or it may be associated with other syndromes.
With proper nail care, the Koilonychia can improve in appearance especially if you avoid abusing your nails using them as tools to pick, poke or pry things like for brittle nails, keep the nails short and avoid nail polish. Use an emollient (skin softening) cream after washing or bathing. Koilonychia should be treated as soon as they are recognized.
Causes of Koilonychia
The common causes of Koilonychia include the following:
Koilonychia is mostly happens as an outcome of softening and thinning of the nail plate.
Trauma and malnutrition.
Iron deficiency.
Malnutrition.
Glossitis.
Chemotherapy.
Occupational immersion of the hands in alkalies.
Symptoms of Koilonychia
Some symptoms related to Koilonychia are as follows:
Brittle nails.
Pale skin color.
Irritability.
Sore tongue.
Discoloration underneath the nail may occur as a result of secondary infection.
Treatment of Koilonychia
Here is list of the methods for treating Koilonychia:
For nail abnormalities due to ingrown toenails, wear shoes that don’t squeeze the toes together, and always cut the nails straight across along the top.
Use an emollient (skin softening) cream after washing or bathing.
Take vitamins and iron in your diet.
Take iron as prescribed by your doctor to avoid possible problems related to iron overload, and do not mix iron with beverages such as coffee or tea because these drinks inhibits iron absorption.
Leuconychia
Leuconychia or “white nail” is an abnormal whiteness of the nails, either in total, partial or striate forms. It may occur spontaneously or after minor trauma. Leuconychia is the most common nails discoloration, may be congenital or acquired. Leuconychia changes the color of your nails. The most common signs and symptoms of Leukonychia include camptodactyly, hammer toes, gingivitis, hyperkeratosis, abnormal colored nails, deafness, sensorineural, skin cysts, skin syndactyly of fingers, joint contractures and arthrogryposis.
Leuconychia is not unique to liver but can also occur with renal failure, fungal infection, lymphoma or can be congenital. There is no effective treatment for Leukonychia although reducing minor injury to the nails prevents the white marks and spots that will gradually disappear as the nail grows outward from the matrix with the nail plate and eventually disappear. It may be caused by systemic diseases such as hypoalbuminemia or liver abnormality. It may be congenital or acquired.
Causes of Leuconychia
The common causes of Leuconychia include the following:
Local trauma.
Exposure to extreme cold.
Disturbed Nutrition.
Hepatic Cirrhosis.
Vitamin deficiency can cause a loss of luster or brittle nails.
Psychogenic Stresses.
Symptoms of Leuconychia
Some symptoms related to Leuconychia are as follows:
Abnormal colored nails.
Camptodactyly.
Skin syndactyly of fingers.
Skin cysts.
Joint contractures and arthrogryposis.
Treatment of Leuconychia
Here is list of the methods for treating Leuconychia:
Leuconychia may be no treatment is required as the spots will grow out with the nail plate.
Green leafy vegetables, whole grains, nuts and should be consumed in daily routine so that there is no deficiency of zinc in your body – which are associated with the appearance of white spots.

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